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Pet Science

  • 7 Common Diseases that Affect Senior Cats

    Whether it's in cats or in humans, aging significantly increases the chances of suffering disease. Today, cats are living longer and more fruitful lives, mainly thanks to massive improvements in nutrition, veterinary, and home care. Still, once your cat is nearing old age, there are several health complications that you should be aware of.

    Knowing which are the signs and symptoms of common feline diseases will allow you to take your cat to your veterinarian at the right time, therefore treating its health issues before they develop further. Here are 7 common senior cat diseases to keep an eye on:

    1. Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic kidney disease is a common illness that affects domestic cats, but it is especially common in older cats and certain breeds. Kidneys play a vital role in your cat's body, as they are tasked with filtering and removing many of the waste produced by your pet's body, which is then expelled through the urine. Once the kidneys have started to fail there is no way to eliminate this waste, so it will start to build in your cat's bloodstream, a process called Azotemia, and cause damage to many organs.

    Although there is no definitive cure for chronic kidney disease, a timely diagnosis and treatment can help your cat live longer and feel more comfortable. Common symptoms of this disease include increased thirst, a spike in urine volumes, weight loss, diminishing appetite, and frequent vomiting. Certain supplements containing spirulina have been shown to be beneficial for maintaining healthy kidneys, but itsuse should be supervised by a veterinarian if your cat already has kidney disease.

    2. Heart Disease

    Heart conditions are a common occurrence among senior cats. Although there are many types of heart disease, the most common one is Cardiomyopathy which weakens the heart's muscles and stops them from performing properly. As the disease progresses, it may lead to heart failure or other complications.

    Other forms of heart disease include Degenerative Valvular Disease, which causes the heart to grow and eventually fail, along with other conditions that can affect the cat's heart as well. Regardless of its origin, the end result of heart disease is Congestive Heart Failure, which means that the heart can no longer pump blood efficiently.

    3. Diabetes Mellitus

    As in humans, feline Diabetes is a condition that creates high sugar levels in the blood over prolonged periods of time. Cats suffering from obesity due to incorrect diet, or leading a sedentary lifestyle have a higher risk of developing this disease. If diagnosed with this condition, your cat will require frequent insulin injections for the rest of his life. However, remission of the disease is possible if it's diagnosed in its early stages. Certain supplements have been shown to be beneficial for diabetic patients.

    Remission of Diabetes focuses on treating the disease before the pancreas has burned itself out trying to keep up producing enough insulin to regulate the abnormal glucose levels. Common symptoms of Diabetes in cats include drinking lots of water, an increase in the frequency of urination, increased appetite, and weight loss. Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections are a common side effect of diabetic pets and can be prevented with a clinically proven supplement like Cranimals Original.

    4. Arthritis

    Arthritis is a degenerative joint condition that affects both middle-aged and older cats. Unfortunately, despite the disease being so common, it's usual for owners to confuse its symptoms with the normal changes brought by aging. Cats who have arthritis are more likely to become sedentary, stop trying to access elevated surfaces any longer, and sleep longer hours. They can also show signs of swelling in the joints, lameness, increase stiffness and decreased flexibility, and feel uncomfortable in certain positions.

    Arthritis can significantly diminish your cat's quality of life if it's left untreated. However, with adequate pain-relief treatment, your cat can go back to enjoy a more comfortable life. Supplements that contain natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytonutrients and Omega 3 fatty acids may be beneficial in preventing and alleviating arthritis.

    5. Hyperthyroidism

    Hyperthyroidism is a glandular condition caused by an excessive increase in production of thyroid hormone in the thyroid gland. Cats who suffer this disease display a seemingly contradictory tendency to lose weight despite having a big increase in their appetite. Besides these symptoms, other common signs of hyperthyroidism include vomiting, frequent diarrhea, increased thirst, and urination. Many of these symptoms are shared by some other more serious diseases, such as diabetes or chronic kidney disease, which is why an early diagnosis is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible.

    6. Dental disease

    Dental problems are a common occurrence in cats of all ages. It is estimated that as many as 2/3 of cats over the age of 3 suffer from dental disease. This painful condition is commonly caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar formation in the cat's teeth as a result of years of poor (if any) dental care. The disease affects both the teeth and the gums around it, inflicting pain on the animal, diminishing its appetite, and causing weight loss. Powdered cranberry supplements when added to a cats daily meals, will help prevent the build-up of tartar and plaque on teeth and resulting dental disease.

    7. Cancer

    As with humans, cancer is a disease that becomes more prevalent as your cat ages. Many types of cancer affect cats, such as the highly common Lymphosarcoma, but not all of them have to be fatal. Many types of cancer can be treated successfully if they are detected at their early stages. A variety of strategies are available to help prevent your cat from getting cancer, including antioxidant and anti-carcinogenic berry supplements, dietary changes (i.e. reducing or eliminating kibble and switching to a whole food, home made diet). Treatment options range from natural therapies such as novel food supplements, specific dietary changes, surgery, chemotherapy, and X ray therapy and depending on your choice, can significantly extend your pet's life. However, symptoms depend on the type of cancer involved, so regular checkups are the best way to track your cats cancer risk as they age.

    AN EARLY DIAGNOSIS IS CRUCIAL FOR YOUR CAT'S HEALTH

    The older a cat gets, the more likely it is that it will suffer more than one of these diseases. That's why taking care of an older cat is especially challenging. Fortunately, veterinary science has come a long way in the past decades, and many of these conditions can be mitigated with an early diagnosis and proper treatment. As well, and perhaps even more importantly, if pet parents take the time to educate themselves regarding the proper diet and supplements for their cats, then the risk of cancer can almost be entirely eliminated. We recommend feeding food that contains as much fresh unprocessed ingredients as possible (fresh/ canned fish, sea greens (spirulina, algae), fish or algae oil (DHA Omega 3), and avoids as far as possible a heavy reliance or eliminated completely a kibble based diet. Kibble diets contain highly processed ingredients, of questionable origin, and frequently contain contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides and Genetically Modified Ingredients (GMOs).

    Your cat should be examined by a veterinarian at least twice a year. Regular veterinary care and preventative health care at home, can save your pet's life and provide him the comfort he deserves during his last years. Keep in mind that the sooner a disease is diagnosed and treated the better. So make sure that you keep your eyes open for any odd behavior or symptom exhibited by your cat, such as increased or diminished appetite, diarrhea, weight loss, etc.

    However, you should never assume that as the cat's owner you'll always be able to tell if there's something wrong with your pet. Cats are famous for their ability to mask their sickness, so you will need an expert to know if your cat has a problem. That's why your regular visits to the veterinarian should include at a minimum a complete physical examination which will reveal the true state of your beloved mascot's health. Any easy way to check your cat at home for some of the most common health issues is to regularly do a urine test at home using the same type of diabetes and kidney failure or urinary tract infection tests as your veterinarian uses in his office.

  • When bacteria change - antibiotic failure and the rise of natural pet UTI treatments

    pet UTI treatments

    Now more than ever, the use of clinically tested, natural remedies, are needed to help stem an alarming rise in antibiotic resistance. The WHO (World Health Organization) concluded with their first report in 2014, from data in 114 countries, that antibiotic failure- is happening right now, all over the world. The good news is that even for the most common infections, such as urinary tract infections, there are natural pet UTI treatments available that can sharply reduce the need for antibiotics, thereby slowing down bacterial resistance.

    Why are antibiotics failing ?

    Over the last 30 years, no major new types of antibiotics have been developed (1). In the US alone, > 2 million infections and 23,000 deaths are due to antibiotic resistance each year (2). The main driver of antibiotic resistance is simply put: overuse of antibiotics driven by commercial animal farming and overprescription of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine. Antibiotics are commonly used as a growth promoter and to prevent disease in inhumane, unsanitary and overcrowded living conditions found on commercial Confined AnimalFarming Operations (CAFO's) where chicken and cattle are raised.

    Which infections are currently most at risk for becoming untreatable ?

    The WHO has identified Urinary tract infections as one of the top diseases currently becoming harder to treat with antibiotics. But there are in fact clinically proven natural pet UTI treatments that can help preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics.

    Escherchia coli mediated Urinary Tract infections (UTIs)- arisk for your whole family

    Escherchia coli mediated Urinary Tract infections (UTIs) tops the WHO list of most common antibiotic resistant diseases, ranging from 20-90% from North America to Asia. Acute and recurrent Escherchia coli mediated UTIs are also one of the most common pet diseases. Within-household sharing and transmission of Escherchia coli, including in households where a member has an acute UTI, is the norm, and can involve any combination of humans and pets (3). Preventing infection with these common bacterial strains is therefore important for your pets health but also that of your whole family.

    How can you help ensure the safety of your family ?

    You can reduce antibiotic use to help stem resistance and preserve antibiotic effectiveness at home and by working with your vet. How ? Switch to a natural pet UTI treatment that is clinically proven to work, such asCranimals Original UTi Supplement.

    Published in American Journal Veterinary Research (4), and featured in Veterinary Practise News (6), Integrated Veterinary Care Magazine and Mercola Healthy Pets (5), Cranimals Original is the only independently tested and clinically proven (4)pet UTI treatment made with cranberry extract that effectively prevents adhesion of Escherchia coli to surfaces of the urinary tract in pets. Alongside elimination of antibiotics for reinfections/recurrences, infection related complications (struvite stone formation, incontinence and high urinary pH) are also controlled.

    Need even more reasons to switch to Cranimals Original?

    • Clinically proven both in vitro and in vivo (4)
    • Single ingredient with no known side effects even for sensitive patients.
    • Complete traceability and quality- proprietary extract manufactured by Cranimals
    • Delivers the required therapeutic dose and phytocompounds to ensure maximum antiadhesion
    • Safe for long term use, in fact, performs better the longer it is administered.(4)
    • Offer a natural, organic, non GMO product for petpatients with added antioxidant and dental health benefits.

    Dr. Gary J. Duhr, DVM , Ramapo Valley Animal Hospital, NJ, USA, " Most commonly, I recommend Cranimals for patients with high pH levels, post urinary tract infections, and to decrease incidents of urinary crystals. I am also a fan of the antioxidant properties and the dental benefits. Overall, this product has made many of my clients very happy and I am pleased with the results!"

    Embrace the use of effective natural remedies in ensuring the health and wellness of your whole family, pets and humans included.

    References:

    1.www.who.int/drugresistance

    1. Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. 2015. State of the World’s Antibiotics, 2015. CDDEP: Washington, D.C.
    2. JID 2008:197 (15 January) ● Johnson et al.
    3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27027843
    4. http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2016/09/14/cranberry-extract-uti-treatment.aspx#_edn3
    5. http://www.veterinarypracticenews.com/study-backs-cranberries-as-uti-fighter/
  • Urinary Tract Infections in dogs linked to diabetes and struvite stones

    UTI supplement for Diabetic pets UTI supplement for Diabetic pets

    Pet UTIs and endocrine disorders:

    Pet Diabetes is one of the fastest rising modern health issues and is associated with increased risk for Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in both cats and dogs in part due to Glucosuria (glucose in urine). Research by a group at a Veterinary College in Virginia, suggests that UTIs are common in dogs with endocrine disorders such as hyperadrenocorticism, diabetes mellitus, or both. If your dog or cat suffers from pet diabetes oranother endocrine disorder regular screening for UTIs is highly recommended.

    Pet UTIs and struvite stones:

    Struvite crystals (triple phosphate and magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals) are commonly seen as a disease in dogs, however about 40-44% of healthy dogs have struvite crystals in their urinewithout obviousharm. However, in sufficient quantity, struvite crystals may cause bladder irritation and inflammation in the bladder lining and urethra- priming the urinary tract for infection.

    Struvite stones and Urinary Tract infections:

    Struvitecrystals become especially problematic if your dog also has a UTI. An estimated 98% of Struvite stones, capable of causing serious blockages in your dogs urinary tract, form when large amounts of struvite crystals are simultaneously present with a urinary tract infection from urease-producing bacteria, for example, Staphylococcus or Proteus. Urease, an enzyme, promotes the formation of ammonia and carbon dioxide and this in turn contributes to struvite stone formation as well as alkaline (high-pH) urine. Alkaline urine may also form when your pet has a diet high in grains and carbohydrates, common in dry commercial pet foods. Finding a way to check (pH strips) and control (diet and supplements) your dogs urine pH is therefore important.

    Research suggests that the majority of dogs affected by struvite stone formation and recurrent UTIs, are females. Because of the increasing overuse of antibiotics for treating UTIs, and resulting bacterial resistance, natural remedies that do not promote bacterial resistance, are the preferred way to prevent recurrent infections and by extension infection induced struvite stones. Dietary modifications to acidify your dogs urine can also be an additional strategy.

    Prevent UTIs and control urine pH naturally:

    One of the most effective natural remedies to prevent UTIs and control urine pH, is the small tart, red, cranberry. However in choosing a cranberry product for UTI prevention and urine acidification, keep in mind that neither cranberry juice, fresh cranberries or dried cranberries are concentrated enough, palatable and except for fresh cranberries, they are loaded with sugar. What is a good natural choice then ? Look for a food grade, organic cranberry extract, widely used by veterinarians in preventing recurrent UTIs and struvite crystals. Cranimals Original our #1 UTI supplement is clinically tested, is certified organic, 100% cranberry extract and is used in the USA, Canada, Taiwan and the UK by holistic vets.

    Complementary to the Cranimals Original UTI supplement, our diagnostic urine based test kits, can be used at home to screen for both UTIs, diabetes and kidney failure. For more info see our full lineup of UTI products.

  • Finally my dog Brooke's UTI was treated effectively and her past bladder infections have not returned - Interview with Jennifer Norato

    Cranimals: Jennifer welcome. You have a very special story to share and some health tips for pet owners based on your experience. Tell us what you do?Jennifer: I work here at Ramapo valley animal hospital in Oakland, NJ and I have been working here for over 10 years now. I first started during my college years as a part time job and quickly grew into a passion.
    We are a small practice that has steadily been growing through the years. We currently are in a new building and have 2 doctors that specialize in small animals, mostly dogs and cats. We are located in northern New Jersey, which is mostly suburban life but our pets do encounter a lot of wildlife.Cranimals: Tell us about your own pets and their health challenges?Jennifer: I have two dogs, a 6 year old hound mix and a 14 year old Pomeranian and 6 cats! A hazard of my occupation is that I raise abandoned kittens and many of them don’t leave my house! It has never been a challenge keeping 6 cats happy though! They all love each other and play all night long.My hound mix, Brooke, hasn’t been the healthiest though. I adopted her as an adult and fought her chronic ear and dog bladder infections from day one.My old man, Mako, has had the happiest life, but not the healthiest either. One of his legs was amputated almost 8 years ago and has suffered from multiple related health issues.Cranimals: What made you look into Cranimals and where did you find us?

    Jennifer: I first discovered Cranimals in a pet magazine, advertising the benefits of the original formula. It couldn’t have come at a better time!

    My Brooke was suffering from another dog bladder infections caused by her constant struvite crystals. Working at an animal hospital, I had every diagnostic and treatment at my disposal, but still she got infections. She had countless urine tests, blood work, cultures, x-rays, prescription foods, meds, and even ultrasounds but nothing could keep her from making struvite crystals in her bladder.

    And then I saw Cranimals! I, of course, had tried cranberry supplements before to help Brooke’s bladder, but this product immediately seemed different than the ones that failed in the past. I immediately placed an order and patiently waited for my shipment!

    Cranimals: What seemed different about Cranimals from all the other products and treatments you tried?

    Jennifer: I loved the science that is behind the claims of excellence. The Cranimals products didn’t just say it would benefit my dog’s bladder health, it explained how it would. As a pet owner, I loved that the Cranimals company detailed why this supplement was scientifically proven to work so I understood why it would work. Other products I tried didn’t seem to have any scientific backing to their claims.

    Cranimals: You mention it was painful to watch Brooke suffer – tell us about that?

    Jennifer: Dog Bladder infections most commonly cause symptoms of urinating frequently and in small amounts. It feels like they can’t empty their bladder so they always have the feeling that they need to urinate. But in Brooke’s case, she had struvite crystals, which physically made it painful to urinate. So much so that she would hold her urine as long as she could! She just didn’t want to urinate because she knew it was going to hurt. And that starts the vicious cycle of bacteria collecting in her bladder, creating an infection.

    Cranimals: Did she eat it with no fuss?

    Jennifer: Brooke, being a hound dog, loved the taste of the Cranimals Original. I initially mixed the Cranimals with some plain yoghurt, which she was already eating for the probiotic benefits. But as I used it more, I realized she loved the flavor no matter how I gave it to her!

    Cranimals: And Ramapo valley animal hospital now stock Cranimals?

    Jennifer: Yes, getting my colleges on board with this new product was a breeze! They saw me suffering constantly with Brooke’s bladder problems and were amazed with how quickly she felt better. After a month of being free of bladder problems, it was decided to recommend this product to all our patients with similar problems.

    Cranimals: What health tip do you have for other animal lovers?

    Jennifer: My best tip of advice is to use preventative medicine! It is always better for your pet and more affordable for you, to prevent a health problem than it is to treat one.

    I am able to prevent dog bladder infections for Brooke by giving her two teaspoons a day of Cranimals Original and have saved me thousands of dollars in vet bills, let alone the pain and discomfort that would come along with her infections.

    Cranimals: Thank you Jennifer and thank you Ramapo Valley Animal Hospital.

    Comments or new interview suggestions to madeleine@cranimal.com
  • Why Cranberries work as a natural treatment preventative for pets with UTIs and struvite stones By Dr Wilma Pretorius CEO Cranimals

    CranberriesThe most common signs of a UTI in cats and dogs is straining during urination, blood in the urine, fever, lethargy, unpleasant smell to urine, incontinence and urinating in inappropriate places, particularly for cats. Among the bacteria responsible for UTIs, E. coli was found to be present in most of the cases followed by Stapylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Klebsiella spp. , Proteus spp. and then Pseudomonas spp.

    Usually UTIs clear up after antibiotic therapy, but sometimes they recur, either due to reinfection with the same or another bacterial species. The appropriate antibiotic to be used is identified via a urine culture. Modern medicine is, however, plagued by a rising incidence of antibacterial resistance and comes with additional costs, such as adverse effects on gut microflora increasing the risk of infection with Clostridium difficile and this in turn may lead to serious colon infections in dogs. The use of a natural plant based preventative for UTIs and struvite stones would clearly help to reduce the risk of antibacterial resistance and disturbances in gut microflora.

    Most struvite stones in dogs are actually infection-induced and female dogs are at the greatest risk for this. The reason for this is likely due to the anatomy of the female urethra, which is short and wide compared with that of the male. When a UTI is caused by Staphylococcus spp. (less commonly Proteus spp. And Ureaplasma) bacteria, a biochemical reaction is put into play which favors the formation of struvite stones in the pets urine/bladder even if the pet is on an acidifying diet.

    Dogs typically develop struvite stones (uroliths) in their lower urinary tracts within 2 weeks of contracting a staphylococcal urinary tract infection. There are, however, other conditions that promote crystallization of magnesium ammonium phosphate (i.e. struvite) including an alkaline urine, diet and genetic predisposition. Breeds especially affected by struvite stones include the Miniature Schnauzer, Bichon Frise, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, and Yorkshire Terrier.  Even factors associated with inbreeding have been reported to increase the frequency of struvite uroliths in Beagles. An increased risk of struvite stones in both sexes of Cocker Spaniels, Springer Spaniels and Labrador Retrievers has also been observed. Specific diets high in fat and salt that are given to dogs to help dissolve struvite stones have their own risks. Pathogenic bacteria trapped within the stones are then constantly released and pose a threat for reinfection and a diet high in fat and salt has its own set of health risks.  Surgical removal is another option for stone removal. Sometimes stones can become bigger than half a kilo (1 lb).

    One of the most effective natural remedies for Urinary tract infections and by association, infection induced struvite stones is cranberries. Cranberries contain tannins called (pro)anthocyanidins or PACs, which are stable plant compounds exhibiting potent in vitro anti-adhesion activity against pathogenic urinary tract bacteria such as both antibiotic-sensitive and -resistant strains of Escherichia coli. While preventing bacteria from sticking to the cell lining of the urinary tract is believed to be the primary mechanism, a direct mild antimicrobial activity against other UTI causing bacteria has also been reported. Pure cranberry extract powders are the most effective way to get the multiple health benefits of cranberries into your pet. Not only is the extract effective for preventing urinary tract infections and by implication infection induced struvite stones, but the phytochemicals in the berries are heart healthy and also good for dental health. Administering cranberry extract in powder form eliminates the excessive sugar found in juices and dried cranberries, as well the powder mixed in food coats the teeth and helps to keep the your pets mouth clean in exactly the same way it keeps their urinary tract “clean”. The powder is also much more palatable to your pet than fresh cranberries and delivers a much more concentrated dose of the needed phytochemicals. Look for a cranberry extract that is not adulterated with fillers, preservatives or colorants and one that is food grade and certified organic.

    References consulted:
    1. Urinary tract infection – a European perspective. B. Gerber,  EJCAP - Vol. 17 - Issue 1 April 2007, 51-54.
    2. Canine urolithiasis: A look at over 16 000 urolith submissions to the Canadian Veterinary Urolith Centre from February 1998 to April 2003 Doreen M. Houston, Andrew E.P. Moore, Michael G. Favrin, Brent Hoff. Can Vet J Volume 45, March 2004,  225-230.

    3. Recurrent urinary tract infections in older people: the role of cranberry products
    DEEPA SUMUKADAS1,∗, PETER DAVEY2, MARION E. T. MCMURDO1
    Age and Ageing 2009; 38: 255–257 C _ The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society.
    All rights doi: 10.1093/ageing/afp034 reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org
    4. Berries: emerging impact on cardiovascular health. Basu, Rhone, Lyons. Nutr Rev. 2010 March ; 68(3): 168–177. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2010.00273.x.
    5. Potential oral health benefits of cranberry.
    Bodet CGrenier DChandad FOfek ISteinberg DWeiss EI. . Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2008 Aug;48(7):672-80.

  • Cranswers with J&F!

    Do you have a pet health question or canine concern?

    Here at Cranimals, we are focused on easing your pet health concerns with a variety of products to target specific problems. An important factor in your pet's maintenance and well-being is their ability to receive proper care, guidance and affection to become familiar with other people, pets and you. Unexpected conditions may have an adverse effect on your pet's behaviour or training, and may leave them expressing an unusual aversion to common socialization.

    To help Cranswer your pet behavioural queries we've reached out to our good friends at J&F Canine Services. Justin Wilcox is the Chief Trainer at J&F Canine Services here in British Columbia and specializes in companion dog training and behavioural correction. Having dealt with several case studies in the past, Justin is a knowledgeable and trustworthy expert who has partnered with us to help ease the concerns of the Cranimals community!

    Check out our friends J&F Canine Services!

    This weeks questions touch upon variety of questions regarding dependency, grief in dogs and erratic behaviour:

    My partner and I found an abandoned dog on the side of a highway and are raising her. The problem is, the dog is so needy that we can't take two steps without her being under our feet! She follows us everywhere in the house and outside. We will sit on the couch and she lays on our feet or puts her head in our laps. We try, in a gentle way, to lay her down by herself but she turns to us and gives us the saddest look. Trust and believe that she is not lacking in attention! It was very endearing at first, but now is becoming - I feel guilty for saying this - very annoying. What can we do?

    -Tami

    The best thing to do is to start claiming your space. If I'm taking up too much room on the couch my wife will give me a push and tells me to move over. It's basically the same idea with the dogs. Be firm, claim your space and don't feel bad about doing it. Every animal needs to learn 'personal' space.

    My 12 year old German Shepherd is two weeks into our bereavement of our 6 year old girl. How can I help them cope with grief and loss?

    -Sue

    Grief and loss is something that all animals experience. Try to keep them active with their favourite tasks such as long walks or fetch and they will be able to move forward with you every day.

    My husband and I just went on a vacation for 1 week and left our two dogs at our house while my in-laws stayed at the house and dog-sat. When we walked through the door upon returning from our vacation, our one dog was extremely happy to see us while our other dog was apprehensive - growling, barking and backing away. When we started talking to him and approaching him, he ran upstairs and peed all over the place! It took him a while to figure out who we were, after first warming up to my husband and then myself (being coaxed with a treat). He has been fine ever since, but should it happen again what can we do to help our dog feel more at ease and familiar with us when we are away?

    -Neely

    The best way to start would be to ignore them and keep to yourself as you arrive at home. Whether your dogs are jumping all over you or completely avoiding you, only acknowledge them once they have relaxed completely. For example, if they lay down by themselves, they are calm enough to acknowledge. If you ignore the dog that is jumping he will learn that jumping does not receive attention and will therefore calm down. You can give him attention when he's in a calmer, more obedient state of mind.

    For the dog that is avoiding you, let him come to you when he is ready and under his own power. Forcing interaction with a dog only results in his learning to be more apprehensive. When he does approach you, try not to flood him with affection. Just put a leash on him and go for a walk together. This will strengthen the bond between all of you - the peeing should go away as as result.

    That wraps up this edition of Cranswers with J&F! If you have any questions for a future helping of Cranswers regarding either dog behaviour and training, or general questions about our Cranimals products with regards to pet health send your questions in to steve@cranimal.com, let us know on our Facebook page, or post them in a comment below!

    Thanks for your questions Fanimals, and again thanks to Justin for his helpful Cranswers! Be sure to check out J&F Canine Services on Facebook to connect with Justin and become a fan!

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